The Fon/King/Chief with the kwifor (council) ruled the Bafut people without any formal bureaucracy with law and order reigning without much ado. The paramount Fon is aided by several Batangchos (second class Fons) who all pay allegiance to the paramount Fon.
Bafut enjoyed its golden age through the traditional system before being annexed by Zintgraff and his allies, the Bali people. Zintgraff and his allies from Bali however faced a tough resistance from Bafut also aided by Mankon as an ally. The Bafut and Mankon people inflicted some major casualties on Zintgraff and Bali people who had to seriously fortify before defeating the Bafut and Mankon forces and finally exiling the Bafut Fon to Douala for one year. Consequently, Bafut became a German colony before WWI but Germany lost Bafut as a colony after their defeat during WWI.
Then came the British after WWII as new colonizers of Bafut and West Cameroon as a whole. The Fon’s powers became weakened and with colonization came a disintegration of the political, economic and social structures of the kingdom.
After independence and the reunification of Cameroon, another change was inflicted on the dynamic and power of the Fon. The French system relegated the Fon to a very low position and in 1962, the West Cameroon House of Chiefs was abolished by the government.
Colonization and the introduction of modern government however brought some positive aspects into the Bafut society. Bafut was not only proud of producing teachers and pastors, but many doctors, engineers, administrators and to crown it all, the present Fon of Bafut is a rare ruler having obtained a degree in Law in order to rule Bafut with both traditional and modern structures of administration.
The Bafut people have a very rich culture and are multilingual-they speak Bafut, English, pidgin etc. whenever the need arises for one of these languages.